DKA is a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when your body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones. The condition develops when your body can't produce insulin.



Characterized by :  
  •    Hyperglycemia (>300 mg/dl).
  •    Acidosis (pH <7.30).
  •    Low bicarbonate (< 15 mEq/l).             
Triads of DKA   
  • Hyperglycemia.
  • Severe Dehydration.
  • Hyperketonemia with metabolic acidosis.
Causes
  • Infections.
  • Inadequate insulin treatment.
  • Infarction (CVA, MI).
  • Pregnancy.
  • Alcohol ingestion. 
Signs
  • Dehydration.
  • Hypotension.
  • Cold extremities/ peripheral cyanosis.
  • Tachycardia.
  • Air hunger.
  • The smell of acetone.
  • Drowsiness.
Symptoms
  • Polyuria
  • Weight loss.
  • Weakness.
  • Leg cramps.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Nausea.