Poisonous Ingredient
Sodium carbonate
Where Found
Sodium carbonate is found in:
·         Automatic dishwashing soaps
·         Clinitest (diabetes testing) tablets
·         Glass products
·         Pulp and paper products
·         Some bleaches
·         Some bubble bath solutions
·         Some steam iron cleaners
Note: This list is not all-inclusive.
Symptoms
Symptoms from swallowing sodium carbonate may include:
·         Breathing problems due to throat swelling
·         Collapse

·         Diarrhoea
·         Drooling
·         Eye irritation, redness, and pain
·         Hoarseness
·         Low blood pressure (may develop rapidly)
·         Severe pain in the mouth, throat, chest, or abdominal area
·         Shock
·         Swallowing difficulty
·         Vomiting
Symptoms from skin or eye contact may include:
·         Skin burning, drainage, and pain
·         Eye burning, drainage, and pain
·         Vision loss
Home Care

Seek immediate medical help. DO NOT make a person throw up unless told to do so by poison control or a health care professional.
If the chemical is on the skin or in the eyes, flush with lots of water for at least 15 minutes.
If the chemical was swallowed, immediately give the person one glass of water or milk, unless instructed otherwise by a health care provider. DO NOT give water or milk if the person is having symptoms (vomiting, convulsions, or a decreased level of alertness) that make it hard to swallow.
If the person breathed in the poison, immediately move them to fresh air.
Before Calling Emergency

If readily available, determine the following information:
·         The person's age, weight, and condition
·         The name of the product (ingredients and strength, if known)
·         The time it was swallowed
·         The amount swallowed
What to Expect at the Emergency Room
The provider will measure and monitor the person's vital signs, including:
·         Temperature
·         Pulse
·         Breathing rate
·         Blood pressure
Symptoms will be treated as appropriate. The person may receive:
·         Blood Tests
·         Breathing support -- including oxygen, endotracheal intubation (tube through the nose or mouth into the trachea) and ventilator (breathing machine)
·         ECG (electrocardiogram or heart tracing)
·         Endoscopy -- a camera is moved down the throat to see burns in the oesophagus and the stomach
·         Eye and skin irrigation
·         Fluids (intravenous or through the vein)
·         Medicines to treat symptoms
·         X-rays of the chest and abdomen
Outlook (Prognosis)
Sodium carbonate is usually not very toxic. However, if you swallow very large amounts, you may have symptoms. In this rare situation, long-term effects, even death, are possible if you do not receive quick and aggressive treatment.
Alternative Names
Sal soda poisoning; Soda ash poisoning; Disodium salt poisoning; Carbonic acid poisoning; Washing soda poisoning