INTRODUCTION 

            Appendicitis is the inflammation and infection of appendix. Often a blockage inside the appendix causes the appendix to become inflamed and infected.

  • Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and fever are common. 
  • Treatment involves surgery to remove the appendix and antibiotics for infection.          
It is a small finger shaped tube projecting from the large intestine near the point where it joins the small intestine.

  • It may have some immune function but, it is not an essential organ. 
SYMPTOMS


  • Less than 50%of the people have the described symptoms in which pain begins in the upper abdomen or around the navel, then nausea. Vomiting develop and then after few hours, the nausea passes and the pain shift to the lower portion of the abdomen.
  • A fever of 100°F-101° F is common. 
  • Rebound tenderness - when a doctor presses on this area, it is tender and when the pressure is released, the pain increases sharply. 
  • In infants and children, the pain may be widespread rather than confined to the right lower portion of the abdomen. 
  • In pregnant women, the pain may be less severe and the ares is less tender. 
DIAGNOSIS

  • One can suspect appendicitis after reviewing the history, symptoms and abdominal examination. 
  • If the diagnosis is not clear, we can do a CT and USG. 
  • Blood tests shows a moderate increase in the white blood cell count because of the infection. 
 TREATMENT 

Depending on your condition, your doctor's recommended traetment plan for appendicitis may include one or more of the following.

  • Surgery to remove the appendix 
  • Needle drainage or surgery to drain an abcess
  • Antibiotics
  • Pain relievers 
  • IV fluids
  • Liquid diet 
In rare cases, it may get better wifhout surgery. But in most cases, you will need surgery to remove your appendix.
If you have an abscess that hasn't ruptured, your doctor may treat the abacess before the surgery. To start, they will give you antibiotics. Then they will use a needle to drai. The abscess of pus.