Different types of burns | Burns treatment, Burn remedy, Chemical burn  treatment


 Burns commonly occur by direct or indirect contact with heat, electric current, radiation, or chemical agents. Burns can lead to cell death, which can require hospitalization and can be fatal.


There are three levels of burns:

  • First-degree burns affect only the outer layer of the skin. They cause pain, redness, and swelling.
  • Second-degree burns affect both the outer and underlying layer of skin. They cause pain, redness, swelling, and blistering. They are also called partial-thickness burns.
  • Third-degree burns affect the deep layers of skin. They are also called full-thickness burns. They cause white or blackened, burned skin. The skin may be numb.

Burns fall into two groups.

Minor burns are:

  • First degree burns anywhere on the body
  • Second degree burns less than 2 to 3 inches (5 to 7.5 centimetres) wide

Major burns include:

  • Third-degree burns
  • Second-degree burns more than 2 to 3 inches (5 to 7.5 centimetres) wide
  • Second-degree burns on the hands, feet, face, groin, buttocks, or over a major joint

You can have more than one type of burn at a time.

Severe burns need urgent medical care. This can help prevent scarring, disability, and deformity.

Burns on the face, hands, feet, and genitals can be particularly serious.

Children under age 4 and adults over age 60 have a higher chance of complications and death from severe burns because their skin tends to be thinner than in other age groups.